What are the safety and weight requirements for an e-bike in Ontario?
To better safeguard riders, e-bikes have a weight limit of 120kg. Additionally, riders have to be at least 16 years old with all passengers wearing approved helmets. Finally, modifications that allow an e-bike to exceed speeds of 32km/h are not allowed.
Can I remove my electric bike’s pedals?
No. An electric bike without pedals is no longer accepted as an electric bike according to the Highway Traffic Act. This makes your bike illegal. You could be issued a ticket for using it on government property.
Can I use my e-bike if it weighs over 120kg?
Yes, you can still use your electric bike. However, it will no longer be considered an electric bike by law. You would have to obtain moped licensing, insurance, and registration requirements.
Can I ride an electric bike with a suspended license?
This depends on the reasons behind the suspension of your license. If your driver’s license is suspended due to a conviction that led to a driving prohibition, you can not ride an electric bike. However, if the circumstances behind your license been suspended are different, you can discuss with a licensed lawyer to examine your options.
In Ontario, a motorized bike is only considered to be an electric bike if it has:
- Working pedals
- Steering handlebars
- A power output that is less than or equal to 500 Watts
- Maximum speed levels of 32km/h
- A weight of 120kg or less
- A label designed by the manufacturer, stating that your electric bike conforms to federal definitions for a motorized bicycle
Additionally for riders:
- You have to be 16 years or older
- You always have to wear an approved helmet
- You also have to obey the same road rules as other cyclists
Other essential legalities that you need to contend with include the fact that you can’t ride an electric bike:
- On specific highways controlled by provincial authorities. Some of these highways include the Queensway, the Kitchener-Waterloo Expressway, and the Queen Elizabeth way.
- On municipal sidewalks, roads, and paths where the use of bicycles is already banned by civil law.
- On public sidewalks, roads, bike trails, and bike paths where the use of electric bikes has been prohibited.
For more info on frequently asked questions on electric bike usage in the province of Ontario, please visit:
Ministry of Transportation – Ontario: Frequently Asked Questions – Electric Bicycles